Coal Stocks at Thermal Plants Remain High Amid Peak Power Demand

Coal stocks at thermal power plants in India are above 45 million tonnes (MT), enough to meet the needs for 19 days, even as power demand hits new highs due to the heatwave. On Thursday, the country’s peak power demand reached an all-time high of 250 GW.

Sources say that coal stocks at thermal power plants are 30% higher than last year. This month, thermal power plants have been using only 10,000 tonnes of coal per day on average. This has been possible due to smooth and adequate logistics for coal supply.


A sub-group with representatives from the Ministries of Power, Coal, Railways, and power companies is effectively managing the coal supply chain.

There is over 100 MT of coal stockpiled at mine pit-heads, ensuring enough coal for the power sector. The Ministry of Railways has increased the daily availability of railway rakes by 9%.

Coal evacuation through coastal shipping has grown significantly. Traditionally, coal was transported via Paradip Port, but now, with better coordination under the coal logistics policy, coal is also being evacuated through Dhamra and Gangavaran ports. Infrastructure improvements in the railway network have sped up the movement of rakes from Son Nagar to Dadri, resulting in a more than 100% improvement in turnaround time.

The coal ministry is prepared to ensure enough coal is available at thermal power plants during the upcoming rainy season. By July 1, more than 42 MT of coal is expected to be available at thermal power plants.

Coal India provides over 80% of the country’s domestic coal supply.

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